Cara mengekstrak atau unzip file Tarball menggunakan ekstensi.xz di Linux

Tarball adalah alat kompresi/pengarsipan file yang paling nyaman di bawah sistem Linux. Untuk mengemas dan mengompresi file yang digunakan dengan perintah tar. Di sini kita akan tahu cara mengekstrak file tarball yang datang bersama dengan ekstensi.xz.

Step 1:

Buka Terminal Perintah

Step 2:

Arahkan ke folder tempat

xyz.tar.xz

file tempat tinggal Anda yang ingin Anda ekstrak.

Step 3:

XZ adalah kompresor data dengan hasil lossless, jadi yang kita lakukan di sini pertama-tama kita ekstrak atau tarball file dari XZ dan kemudian dari TAR.

Perintahnya adalah:

unxz my_archive.tar.xz

Misalnya: Jika nama saya

example.tar.xz

perintahnya adalah

unxz 

contoh.tar.xz

Step 4: Extract file from Tar.

Sekarang, setelah mengekstrak file dari xz Anda akan menemukannya dengan ekstensi tar sekarang, sehingga akhirnya jalankan perintah tar untuk mengekstraknya:

tar -xf my_archive.tar

Misalnya: Jika nama file yang diekstrak xz adalah contoh maka perintahnya akan terlihat seperti:

tar -xf 

contoh.tar

Tentang Tarball dan Perintahnya

Tarball adalah alat pengemasan paling nyaman di Linux. Ini adalah perintah tar untuk mengemas dan mengompresi file.

x

” digunakan untuk membongkar, “

c

Opsi ” digunakan untuk pengemasan, “

v

” memberikan lebih banyak informasi proses. “

f

” digunakan untuk menunjukkan nama file paket.

Format file tarball yang dikompres di Linux dapat dibuka di Windows menggunakan WinRAR.

Utilitas tar Linux awalnya dirancang untuk membuat arsip tape (menyalin file dan direktori ke tape dan kemudian mengekstrak atau memulihkan file dari arsip), dan aplikasi yang ada dapat menggunakannya untuk perangkat apa pun, ini adalah salah satu perintah yang paling umum digunakan dalam data cadangan.

Tar Parameters:

c

: membuat cadangan (Buat)

v

: menunjukkan mode gema (Verbose), yang akan menghasilkan daftar file yang dicadangkan

f:

Tentukan file cadangan yang akan digunakan. Parameter yang mengikutinya adalah nama file cadangan keluaran.

x:

Perluas file cadangan

t:

tampilkan isi file cadangan

T:

diikuti oleh parameter file yang menentukan jalur untuk membaca setiap file yang akan dicadangkan dari file ini. Jika Anda tidak menggunakan parameter T, Anda akan memerlukan parameter yang menunjukkan jalur ke file dan direktori cadangan.

Z:

Membuat dan membongkar file cadangan menggunakan kompresi. Ini adalah versi baru dari fitur tar GNU, yang membutuhkan gzip untuk diinstal pada waktu yang sama.

Contoh kompresi file tar

Misalnya:

$ tar cvf backup.tar /etc

Perintah di atas mengemas semua file di bawah /etc ke dalam arsip tar backup.tar. Parameter pertama tar “cvf” adalah parameter perintah tar, “c” memberitahu tar untuk membuat file arsip; opsi “v” memaksa tar untuk menggunakan mode verbose, yaitu, mencetak setiap nama file selama pengarsipan; Opsi “f” Beri tahu tar bahwa parameter berikutnya backup.tar adalah nama file arsip yang dibuat.

Baris perintah berikut membongkar file tar backup.tar dan menempatkannya di direktori kerja saat ini. Harus dinyatakan bahwa ini berbahaya karena file lama akan ditimpa ketika file di-unpack dari file tar.

$ tar xvf backup.tar

Sebelum Anda membongkar file tar, penting untuk mengetahui di mana harus membuka file tersebut. Misalnya, file berikut diarsipkan: /etc/hosts, /etc/group, dan /etc/passwd.

Jika Anda menggunakan perintah berikut:

$ tar cvf backup.tar /etc/hosts /etc/group /etc/passwd

Direktori /etc akan ditambahkan sebelum setiap nama file. Untuk memperluas file ke lokasi yang benar, Anda memerlukan perintah berikut:

$ cd / $ tar xvf backup.tar

Ini karena file mengekstrak nama jalur dari file arsip jika Anda mengarsipkan file dengan perintah berikut:

$ cd /etc $ tar cvf hosts group passwd

Dengan demikian nama direktori tidak ada dalam file arsip, jadi Anda perlu menggunakan perintah “cd /etc” untuk masuk ke direktori etc sebelum memperluas file. Dapat dilihat bahwa cara file tar dibuat sangat berkaitan dengan di mana ia di-deploy.

Command:

$ tar tvf backup.tar

Tampilkan indeks file tar sebelum membongkar file tar. Dengan cara ini, Anda dapat melihat nama direktori di file arsip yang terkait dengan nama file, sehingga file arsip diperluas di lokasi yang benar.

Semua Perintah tersedia untuk Tarball

[email protected]:~$ tar --help
Usage: tar [OPTION...] [FILE]... GNU 'tar' saves many files together into a single tape or disk archive, and can restore individual files from the archive.
Examples: tar -cf archive.tar foo bar # Create archive.tar from files foo and bar. tar -tvf archive.tar # List all files in archive.tar verbosely. tar -xf archive.tar # Extract all files from archive.tar.

Local file name selection:

--add-file=FILE add given FILE to the archive (useful if its name starts with a dash) -C, --directory=DIR change to directory DIR --exclude=PATTERN exclude files, given as a PATTERN --exclude-backups exclude backup and lock files --exclude-caches exclude contents of directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG, except for the tag file itself --exclude-caches-all exclude directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG --exclude-caches-under exclude everything under directories containing CACHEDIR.TAG --exclude-ignore=FILE read exclude patterns for each directory from FILE, if it exists --exclude-ignore-recursive=FILE read exclude patterns for each directory and its subdirectories from FILE, if it exists --exclude-tag=FILE exclude contents of directories containing FILE, except for FILE itself --exclude-tag-all=FILE exclude directories containing FILE --exclude-tag-under=FILE exclude everything under directories containing FILE --exclude-vcs exclude version control system directories --exclude-vcs-ignores read exclude patterns from the VCS ignore files --no-null disable the effect of the previous --null option --no-recursion avoid descending automatically in directories --no-unquote do not unquote input file or member names --no-verbatim-files-from -T treats file names starting with dash as options (default) --null -T reads null-terminated names; implies --verbatim-files-from --recursion recurse into directories (default) -T, --files-from=FILE get names to extract or create from FILE --unquote unquote input file or member names (default) --verbatim-files-from -T reads file names verbatim (no escape or option handling) -X, --exclude-from=FILE exclude patterns listed in FILE

Filename matching options (affect both exclude and include patterns):

--anchored patterns match file name start --ignore-case ignore case --no-anchored patterns match after any '/' (default for exclusion) --no-ignore-case case sensitive matching (default) --no-wildcards verbatim string matching --no-wildcards-match-slash wildcards do not match '/' --wildcards use wildcards (default for exclusion) --wildcards-match-slash wildcards match '/' (default for exclusion)

Modus operasi utama:

-A, --catenate, --concatenate append tar files to an archive -c, --create create a new archive -d, --diff, --compare find differences between archive and file system --delete delete from the archive (not on mag tapes!) -r, --append append files to the end of an archive -t, --list list the contents of an archive --test-label test the archive volume label and exit -u, --update only append files newer than copy in archive -x, --extract, --get extract files from an archive

Operation modifiers:

--check-device check device numbers when creating incremental archives (default) -g, --listed-incremental=FILE handle new GNU-format incremental backup -G, --incremental handle old GNU-format incremental backup --hole-detection=TYPE technique to detect holes --ignore-failed-read do not exit with nonzero on unreadable files --level=NUMBER dump level for created listed-incremental archive -n, --seek archive is seekable --no-check-device do not check device numbers when creating incremental archives --no-seek archive is not seekable --occurrence[=NUMBER] process only the NUMBERth occurrence of each file in the archive; this option is valid only in conjunction with one of the subcommands --delete, --diff, --extract or --list and when a list of files is given either on the command line or via the -T option; NUMBER defaults to 1 --sparse-version=MAJOR[.MINOR] set version of the sparse format to use (implies --sparse) -S, --sparse handle sparse files efficiently

Overwrite control:

-k, --keep-old-files don't replace existing files when extracting, treat them as errors --keep-directory-symlink preserve existing symlinks to directories when extracting --keep-newer-files don't replace existing files that are newer than their archive copies --no-overwrite-dir preserve metadata of existing directories --one-top-level[=DIR] create a subdirectory to avoid having loose files extracted --overwrite overwrite existing files when extracting --overwrite-dir overwrite metadata of existing directories when extracting (default) --recursive-unlink empty hierarchies prior to extracting directory --remove-files remove files after adding them to the archive --skip-old-files don't replace existing files when extracting, silently skip over them -U, --unlink-first remove each file prior to extracting over it -W, --verify attempt to verify the archive after writing it

Select output stream:

--ignore-command-error ignore exit codes of children --no-ignore-command-error treat non-zero exit codes of children as error -O, --to-stdout extract files to standard output --to-command=COMMAND pipe extracted files to another program

Handling of file attributes:

--atime-preserve[=METHOD] preserve access times on dumped files, either by restoring the times after reading (METHOD='replace'; default) or by not setting the times in the first place (METHOD='system') --clamp-mtime only set time when the file is more recent than what was given with --mtime --delay-directory-restore delay setting modification times and permissions of extracted directories until the end of extraction --group=NAME force NAME as group for added files --group-map=FILE use FILE to map file owner GIDs and names --mode=CHANGES force (symbolic) mode CHANGES for added files --mtime=DATE-OR-FILE set mtime for added files from DATE-OR-FILE -m, --touch don't extract file modified time --no-delay-directory-restore cancel the effect of --delay-directory-restore option --no-same-owner extract files as yourself (default for ordinary users) --no-same-permissions apply the user's umask when extracting permissions from the archive (default for ordinary users) --numeric-owner always use numbers for user/group names --owner=NAME force NAME as owner for added files --owner-map=FILE use FILE to map file owner UIDs and names -p, --preserve-permissions, --same-permissions extract information about file permissions (default for superuser) --same-owner try extracting files with the same ownership as exists in the archive (default for superuser) -s, --preserve-order, --same-order member arguments are listed in the same order as the files in the archive --sort=ORDER directory sorting order: none (default), name or inode

Handling of extended file attributes:

--acls Enable the POSIX ACLs support --no-acls Disable the POSIX ACLs support --no-selinux Disable the SELinux context support --no-xattrs Disable extended attributes support --selinux Enable the SELinux context support --xattrs Enable extended attributes support --xattrs-exclude=MASK specify the exclude pattern for xattr keys --xattrs-include=MASK specify the include pattern for xattr keys

Device selection and switching:

-f, --file=ARCHIVE use archive file or device ARCHIVE --force-local archive file is local even if it has a colon -F, --info-script=NAME, --new-volume-script=NAME run script at end of each tape (implies -M) -L, --tape-length=NUMBER change tape after writing NUMBER x 1024 bytes -M, --multi-volume create/list/extract multi-volume archive --rmt-command=COMMAND use given rmt COMMAND instead of rmt --rsh-command=COMMAND use remote COMMAND instead of rsh --volno-file=FILE use/update the volume number in FILE

Device blocking:

-b, --blocking-factor=BLOCKS BLOCKS x 512 bytes per record -B, --read-full-records reblock as we read (for 4.2BSD pipes) -i, --ignore-zeros ignore zeroed blocks in archive (means EOF) --record-size=NUMBER NUMBER of bytes per record, multiple of 512

Archive format selection:

-H, --format=FORMAT create an archive of the given format

FORMAT adalah salah satu dari berikut ini:

gnu GNU tar 1.13.x format oldgnu GNU format as per tar <= 1.12 pax POSIX 1003.1-2001 (pax) format posix same as pax ustar POSIX 1003.1-1988 (ustar) format v7 old V7 tar format --old-archive, --portability same as --format=v7 --pax-option=keyword[[:]=value][,keyword[[:]=value]]... control pax keywords --posix same as --format=posix -V, --label=TEXT create archive with volume name TEXT; at list/extract time, use TEXT as a globbing pattern for volume name

Compression options:

-a, --auto-compress use archive suffix to determine the compression program -I, --use-compress-program=PROG filter through PROG (must accept -d) -j, --bzip2 filter the archive through bzip2 -J, --xz filter the archive through xz --lzip filter the archive through lzip --lzma filter the archive through xz --lzop filter the archive through lzop --no-auto-compress do not use archive suffix to determine the compression program -z, --gzip, --gunzip, --ungzip filter the archive through gzip --zstd filter the archive through zstd -Z, --compress, --uncompress filter the archive through compress

Local file selection:

--backup[=CONTROL] backup before removal, choose version CONTROL -h, --dereference follow symlinks; archive and dump the files they point to --hard-dereference follow hard links; archive and dump the files they refer to -K, --starting-file=MEMBER-NAME begin at member MEMBER-NAME when reading the archive --newer-mtime=DATE compare date and time when data changed only -N, --newer=DATE-OR-FILE, --after-date=DATE-OR-FILE only store files newer than DATE-OR-FILE --one-file-system stay in local file system when creating archive -P, --absolute-names don't strip leading '/'s from file names --suffix=STRING backup before removal, override usual suffix ('~' unless overridden by environment variable SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX)

Filename transformations:

--strip-components=NUMBER strip NUMBER leading components from file names on extraction --transform=EXPRESSION, --xform=EXPRESSION use sed replace EXPRESSION to transform file names

Informative output:

--checkpoint[=NUMBER] display progress messages every NUMBERth record (default 10) --checkpoint-action=ACTION execute ACTION on each checkpoint --full-time print file time to its full resolution --index-file=FILE send verbose output to FILE -l, --check-links print a message if not all links are dumped --no-quote-chars=STRING disable quoting for characters from STRING --quote-chars=STRING additionally quote characters from STRING --quoting-style=STYLE set name quoting style; see below for valid STYLE values -R, --block-number show block number within archive with each message --show-defaults show tar defaults --show-omitted-dirs when listing or extracting, list each directory that does not match search criteria --show-snapshot-field-ranges show valid ranges for snapshot-file fields --show-transformed-names, --show-stored-names show file or archive names after transformation --totals[=SIGNAL] print total bytes after processing the archive; with an argument - print total bytes when this SIGNAL is delivered; Allowed signals are: SIGHUP, SIGQUIT, SIGINT, SIGUSR1 and SIGUSR2; the names without SIG prefix are also accepted --utc print file modification times in UTC -v, --verbose verbosely list files processed --warning=KEYWORD warning control -w, --interactive, --confirmation ask for confirmation for every action

Compatibility options:

-o when creating, same as --old-archive; when extracting, same as --no-same-owner

Other options:

-?, --help give this help list --restrict disable use of some potentially harmful options --usage give a short usage message --version print program version

Argumen wajib atau opsional untuk opsi panjang juga wajib atau opsional untuk opsi pendek yang sesuai.

backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. version control may be set with --backup or VERSION_CONTROL, values are:

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